Airports depend on advanced systems of lighting that can provide the proper illumination for everyone involved including the aircraft, workers and passengers. Special lighting solutions are available in order to follow all laws and regulations required for aviation facilities. For example, the runways of airports need to be well lit 24 hours per day. Special lighting fixtures are powerful enough to penetrate through fog and other conditions that come with poor visibility like smoke. Lighting systems in airports are used to control air traffic properly. Airplanes that take off and land need to see visible lighting fixtures on the runways at all times. Pilots should be able to visualize the facilities and runways of an airport from several miles away on a day or night with clear visibility.
The concrete or asphalt runways of airports are lined with small lighting fixtures that are lit at night in order to guide airplanes for take off or landing. An aircraft needs to roll for thousands of feet in order to get to the terminals or hangars. Small LED lights are lined up by the hundreds or even thousands in order to keep an aircraft in sync with the markings on the concrete. Hazard lights are also installed directly on the runways of airports. These lights usually come in large and thick cylindrical shapes that emit colorful light in all directions. Red housings are commonly used in hazard light fixtures to signal signs of distress and danger for incoming and outgoing aircraft.
Airport workers also use special flares for various applications. For example, the ground service crew may hold multiple colored flares that are used to guide aircraft through a runway. Cone markers are some other simple but very important lighting solutions for airports. These cones have specific color schemes that act as traffic signs on the ground of an airport. Cones also have reflective properties as to be visible from far away when an aircraft approaches. Trying to find airport lighting is an example of an important task for any aviation facility administration.
Modern airports use contemporary technology in lighting solutions. For example, solar powered lights can be installed directly onto the roofs of control towers or runways. The solar panels can capture enough energy to power bulbs and lamps all night long in an airport. Additionally, solar panels can be used to collect electricity for traditional lighting fixtures at airport facilities.